Car improvements have almost never stopped and this can be seen from the constant advancements made by different car manufacturers to ensure they are able to compete in the industry, the latest of such car improvements being the new electric car technology.
No one would have thought of a hybrid or an electric car some decades ago but these cars now ply our roads nowadays and all thanks to human brilliance that has only made electric cars a reality but has also made it the future of transportation at least as far as cars are concerned.
These cars have grown to become more than just a trend in fashion to become the automobile technology revolution and with the great benefits inherent in using electric cars, the hype and attention given to it can be justified.
One of the benefits of electric vehicle is the efficiency of the motors. When compared to Internal Combustion Engines, electric motors have efficiencies of over 90% compared with the 20% efficiency of the ICE. This means they are more economical especially as they average 6km/kwh compared to the 2.5km/kwh of cars running on petrol.
Another benefit the electric car technology brought to this mode of transport is the ability of these cars to deliver full torque at startup. This means more power is gotten right from the start, a case that is completely different in ICE as they can only reach their full power after a particular range of RPM has been covered. So while an electric car achieves 0 – 60 mph in less than 4 seconds with only about 250 horsepower, it takes at least 500hp to get a similar performance from an ICE car.
Electric cars are still relatively uncommon and this is as a result of some shortcomings that need to be worked on. One of those defects and probably the greatest of them all is the power source. Electric cars work on lithium batteries with an energy density of 0.2kwh/kg and even as some cars attain 0.4kwh/kg, this is still low and needs to be improved as this means heavy load batteries need to be carried for these electric cars to cover a reasonable distance.
Another problem of electric cars that will surely be tackled in the future of electric cars is the duration it takes to fully charge the battery. It takes between 3 to 17 hours to charge an electric car depending on the type of connection used. The future of electric is sure to bring a quicker charging time of about 45 minutes. The life cycle of the batteries is another problem of electric cars as these batteries have limited charging cycle.
Even as these cars come with some shortcomings that will surely vanish as time goes on and manufacturers and battery makers continue to improve on the cars, the benefits of the cars cannot be overlooked.
One of the advantages of electric cars is the convenience it brings to the users. Electricity being a universal form of energy means that these cars can be fuelled at almost any location. There are a number of outlets that users can charge their car from. One can also charge at home, at work, and at charging stations. With this, there is absolutely no need to queue before the car is “fuelled”. It gets even better as the cost of fully charging the car is cheaper than what it costs to have a full fuel tank.
Even as everybody is trying to go green in order to save the planet, electric cars is the best option due to the fact that they have zero emissions. Besides not being air pollutants, electric cars also help reduce noise pollution as they can be very silent to a fault with some authorities looking for ways of warning persons that are visually impaired.
Because there are a few moving parts with electric vehicles, maintenance is less and so is the cost. This is so as there is little wear and tear and unlike in gas powered cars, there no fuel deposits or clogs. And you do not have to worry about changing your oil frequently or cleaning your bonnets due to deposits of black particles. So while you might want to make the excuse of not getting cheap electric cars which by the way is a bit flimsy, you might want to consider the maintenance cost of both vehicle types before making your final decision.
The buzz and euphoria about electric does not only come from consumers but the manufacturers are also having their part of it. This can be seen from the somewhat fierce competition among car manufacturers. Toyota has its hybrid Prius model and General Motors with the Chevrolet Volt even as Nissan and Renault are not left out of the race.
Analysts have it that by 2020, 10% of all new car sales will be electric and the figure is estimated to double after another decade.
Electric cars are fashionable, relatively cheap, and of course, environmentally friendly so we can have a safe and clean environment even with relative affordability.
The future of cars belongs to the electric vehicles and it needs no rocket science to know that the earlier you get in the mix, the better for you.